To look back on the beginnings of robotic surgery, one needn’t look too far.
The year 1985 marks the first time a robot was used during surgery; the robot, called the PUMA 560, assisted during a neurosurgical biopsy.
This procedure was followed in 1987 by the first minimally invasive robot-assisted surgery, the laparoscopic cholecystectomy that would set the stage for a veritable onslaught of R&D.
The groundbreaking application of surgical robotics in 1987 marked a trend in the making, one that has evolved into an enormous industry set to reach $35.5 billion dollars by 2017.
Two main markers in thedavinci system development of robotic surgery followed the very first OR success stories. In 1993, the FDA approved the first robot for surgery: AESOP® Endoscope Positioner developed by Computer Motion, Inc. A few years later, in 2000, Intuitive Surgical was granted the first FDA approval for robotic surgery system, called the da Vinci® System.
Minimally invasive robotic surgical systems provide surgeons with enhanced dexterity, greater visualisation and precision as well as benefits for patients. Today, da Vinci remains a major player along with Corindus, RENISHAW PLC, and Medtech.